Cranberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) is a herb of the family Ericaceae.
They are in a form of bushes and grows 10 to 40 cm. There are dark green oval leaves that are arranged in pairs and simultaneous. The tips of the branches hang in the form of clusters, white and rarely reddish individual flowers that have shape of a bells. In late August and early September, from the flowers comes up white fruit, and later they get red.
Can be found:
Because cranberries are highly resistant to cold and ice (munus to 22 degrees C), they are spread in most of the northern hemisphere, from the ends with moderate continental climate, all the way to to the Arctic section (71 ° northern width).
Cranberries contain many organic acids, provitamin A (beta carotene), vitamin B group (B1, B2, B3) and many minerals. In addition, it contains many phyto-compounds and omega-3 fatty acids.It’s a plant whose fruit is a natural antibiotic. Cranberry fruits are rich in various protective substances, containing minerals such as potassium, containing vitamins A and C and fiber.
Red claimed spherical fruits have sour taste, resulting from a large amount of vitamin C.In addition, cranberries have been known as a medicinal herb for a long time. Since its leaves and fruit make medicinal teas. From the fresh fruit can be made juices, jams and it can be held in stock frozen or dried. From them, it can be made delicious jams, sauces and meals.Fresh, frozen or dried cranberries, as the fruit juice made from it, is a natural antibiotic that destroys harmful bacteria and fungi in the body. Bioflavonoids have special antibacterial properties. Thus, numerous studies have shown that cranberries can prevent infection of the urinary tract, especially the infection caused by the bacterium E.coli.
Also, the protective substances in cranberries act and destroy the bacteria Helicobacter pylori, which is a frequent cause of stomach ulcer.The ingredients in cranberries reduce the risk of various types of cancers, such as breast cancer and colon. Studies have shown that cranberries prevents the growth of cancer cells and its spread in the body.
Cranberry reduces blood sugar, which is useful for diabetics. Helps with stress, as well as in the prevention of cardiovascular disease (volley from the heart and blood vessels).Cranberry improves eyesight. Juice and tea leaves and fruits of cranberry is recommended for the children and the elderly. It should be noted that the leaves should be harvested after harvesting the fruits.
Red berries of cranberry are used as filling for pastries, cakes, they make jams and syrups. Often cranberry sauces are tasty in addition to meals.Like blueberries, cranberries comes from North America and its medicinal properties had been known by the American natives.Due to the high concentration of vitamin C, cranberry fruits have sour taste. The fruit (except as juice) can be eaten fresh, dried, frozen or can be served as a sauce or addition to various meals and are especially rich, in addition to the classic vitamins and minerals: A and C, potassium and fiber and various protective substances such as bioflavonoids.
Bioflavonoids have strong antioxidative action, which reduces the risk of developing cancer. Antioxidants also help in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and the acid is a natural antibiotic with activity against fungi. Anthocyanins and Oligomeric proanthocyanidins help restore the cells responsible for the sense of sight.
Besides that, cranberries contain a little bit of sugar, which is good for diabetics. Scientific studies have shown that 3 cups of cranberry juice a day increases the level of antioxidants in plasma for over 120%. With such consumption the “good” cholesterol is raised in the blood and thus reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease by 40%. Cranberries are really known because of its beneficial effect on various inflammations and infections of the urinary tract.
How does cranberry help?
The most common bacteria and urinary tract, E. colli, stick to the walls of the urinary system. But the cranberry juice, in some way, it prevents sticking of dangerous bacteria on the urinary tract, so the bacteria easily pass into the urine.New research shows that some ingredients of cranberry act on another common and dangerous bacteria, and it is Helicobacter Pylori, which have the biggest rate when it comes to ulcers in the stomach.